WWN28# – Is this justice? Michelle Carter receives verdict in texting suicide case

What’s Been Happening? Conrad and Michelle

In June 2014, 18 year old Conrad Roy III started sharing suicidal thoughts with Michelle Carter over text messages. Carter initially urges Roy to seek medical help and discourages him from harming himself. Later on, she changes tone and successfully convinces Roy to commit suicide. Roy was found dead near a compression pump that had filled a pick-up truck with carbon monoxide. His death was initially deemed a suicide but police have subsequently charged Carter with involuntary manslaughter after investigating text messages that were sent between Carter and Roy. In one exchange, Carter had told him to stay in the vehicle from 30 miles away after Roy exited the vehicle because the carbon monoxide was “working and he got scared”.

On June 16 2017, Massachusetts judge Lawrence Moniz found Carter to be guilty of Roy’s death and announced that she could face up to 20 years of prison time.

What Now?

Moniz has sentenced Michelle Carter to a 2.5 year term but has said that only 15 months is mandatory. He also sentenced her to five years of probation. If she violates the terms of her five year probation, she will have to serve her full sentence in jail.

Terms of Five Year Probation

  • No contact with Roy’s family and classmates who acted as witnesses for the prosecution
  • Cannot leave the state of Massachusetts
  • Must submit a DNA sample
  • Must have a mental health evaluation
  • Banned from using social media

Carter’s lawyer, Joseph Cataldo successfully petitioned to have her sentence stayed which means that she will not go to jail yet until all of her state appeals are exhausted and denied. Cataldo has asked the judge to spare his client from going to prison at all and require her to receive mental counselling while in probation instead.

Following the sentencing, the prosecutor Assistant District Attorney Maryclare Flynn said that he was disappointed the judge chose to stay the sentence. He had recommended a sentence of 7 to 12 years for Carter who he said has not shown remorse or accepted responsibility for her actions.

What’s Next?

It was certainly unexpected. A 2.5 years sentence is a much shorter sentence than the potential 20. In addition, Carter is appealing the sentence so it could result in only probation time and no time in jail at all. Regarding the sentencing, it is possible that the judge was trying to rehabilitate and not punish and relied on the fact that she was aged 17 when the crime was committed and tried a juvenile court.

The case has drawn a lot of attention to the issue of whether “words encouraging suicide” is a criminal act. In the U.S, criminal law typically punishes physical action and this case could set a new legal precedent in which words and not just actions are deemed to cause death. At this stage, it is unlikely to be used as precedent but the verdict indicates a shift in legal landscape where it may ultimately lead to changes in the way we communicate with others (some say in a more careful manner and with limited freedom).

Postponing the case is also not in the best interests of anyone involved. It offers no peace to Roy’s family and shows a refusal by Carter and her parents to accept responsibility for her actions. The appeal process is likely to drag on for a while and there is no doubt that Carter’s lawyer will surely try to stretch out the process. While some may say that Michelle needs our sympathy and help, I say that she needs to take ownership and accept the consequences of her actions as well.


WWN#22 – U.S. Federal Reserve Raises Interest Rate to 1.25%



Credits: Historical Federal Funds Rate

What’s Been Happening?

The Federal Reserve hiked up US interest rates by 25 basis points for the first time in March, its third upward move since the 2008 financial crisis. At the time, Janet Yellen who is the chair of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, expected rates to be increased twice more this year. Some economists are sceptical of this however, including global economist Anna Stupnytska from Fidelity International. She said that their base case is only for one more hike to occur this year, as a cyclical peak is being reached soon and the likelihood of a China slowdown weighing on “global inflation, markets and growth is fairly high”.


What Now?

At the latest Federal Reserve meeting on Wednesday, it seems Janet and policymakers were ‘feeling good’ about the economy and have forged ahead with an interest rate increase despite growing concerns of weak inflation. The target range for the federal funds rate is now between 1% – 1.25%.

A statement issued by the Federal Reserve indicated that “On a 12-month basis, inflation has declined recently and is expected to remain somewhat below 2 percent in the near term but to stabilise around the committee’s 2 percent objective over the medium term.”

One of the barometers that the Fed monitors is unemployment which dropped to a 16-year low at 4.3 percent in May. This may have given them the confidence to keep gradually lifting the low borrowing rates towards their historic norms.

Whilst the Federal Reserve maintains an accommodative stance on monetary policy, Yellen has said that it will be appropriate to move to a more neutral stance if they continue to move along the path [of interest rate rises].

What’s Next?

The journey is not over as the long-run interest rate is 3% which is the median estimate made by policymakers. According to 30-Day Fed Fund future prices, the probability of another rate hike later on in the year is currently at 2.5% for the July Federal Reserve meeting although this markedly increases to a probability of 30% by December. The timing of the interest rate increase would of course depend on the state of the US economy and its continued growth.

The bottom line for American consumers is that there will be an increase in their borrowing costs which may strain some households.


WWN #8 -The Arduous Fight Against ISIS in Mosul



Credits – Map of Mosul, Map Data Copyright 2017 Google

Who is ISIS?

ISIS is radical jihadist group that is notorious for their hatred of the western world, particularly the United States. They seek to re-establish the caliphate (an Islamic state led by a religious leader who has absolute authority) and become the only legitimate state in the world.

What’s been happening? The Battle for Mosul: ISIS vs. Coalition Forces

In June 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) easily captured the northern Iraqi city of Mosul. An estimated 30,000 soldiers fled when confronted by as few as 800 militants and the ISIS militants were able to overrun the western bank of the city overnight. ISIS used the momentum from its victory to seize large portions of the country in quick succession, reversing some of the achievements made by the United States in driving ISIS and Al-Qaeda out of Iraq over the last few years.

When the ISIS fighters took over the city of Mosul, they were able to seize large quantities of weaponry such as vehicles, arms and ammunition which strengthened their position in Iraq. Ironically, much of the equipment was probably supplied by the United States who is Iraq’s biggest weapons provider.

The fight to take back Mosul began last year on the 16th of October when a coalition of more than 30,000 troops commenced a multi-pronged offensive on multiple fronts in an attempt to corner ISIS. Slow but steady progress has been made as troops reached the edges of Mosul by the end of October and taking over most of the eastern side of the city within the following months. According to Iraqi estimates, it is believed that the number of Islamic State fighters has dwindled to around 1,000 from a previous figure of 6,000 in October 2016.

What Now?

On the 23rd of February, there was finally a major breakthrough after months of intense fighting between the coalition forces and ISIS in Mosul. Iraqi government forces took control of most of Mosul airport, meeting their first key objective for retaking the western half of the city from Isis. The advance represents a major win for the Iraqi government as its recapture means that the coalition now controls all of the roads in and out of the city. ISIS had also reportedly used it as a training facility and a factory for car bombs. Not anymore!

What’s Next?

A difficult task lies ahead as the battle continues for the western part of Mosul which has many narrow and winding streets. Due to this fact, armoured vehicles cannot easily navigate the area. Much of the fighting is expected to be done in close quarters in the midst of 750,000 civilians who are still residing there. It’s likely to take at least few more months for the rest of the city to be under the control of the Iraqi government.