What’s been happening?
Kenya President Uhuru Kenyatta was re-elected in August amid accusations of election fraud by the opposition. The opposition leader Raila Odinga has claimed the results were rigged, echoing claims made against Kenyatta in the 2013 elections. In 2013, Kenyatta won with a wafer-thin margin of 50.03 percent, a result that Odinga disputed unsuccessfully but peacefully in court.
Official results this time around show that Kenyatta won by a comfortable margin of 1.4 million votes (54.27%). However, Odinga and his opposition party immediately rejected the results and appealed to the Supreme Court for a new election.
Kenya’s Supreme Court has declared Uhuru Kenyatta’s victory in the presidential election last month invalid. The six-judge bench ruled 4-2 in favour of a petition filed by Odinga who had claimed the electronic voting results were hacked and manipulated in favour of the incumbent. A new vote is to be held on October 17 after the Court found there were “irregularities and illegalities” in the election.
Hours after the Supreme Court ruling, President Kenyatta addressed the nation, saying that he respects the court’s decision but personally disagreed with the decision. However, he has called for peace and respect for the rule of law. “Amani, Amani, Amani! (Peace, peace, peace!)” – Kenyatta
Odinga and his party welcomed the decision but said that they preferred the new election to take place later on October 24 or 31 in order to provide the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) with enough time to fix its problems.
More will be revealed when the full judgment of the court is released within 21 days of the ruling. In the meantime, a weakening currency and plunging stock market indicate that the extended political uncertainty will inevitably have a negative impact on the country’s economy.
Organising another election will also be costly. The original vote cost around $500 million and involved more than 300,000 temporary workers. Now the IEBC has to repeat it and under heavier pressure to prove that results are reliable and accurate.
Another election is likely to mean more violence on the horizon. After a flawed presidential election in 2007, more than 1,000 people died and half a million people were displaced in the post-election violence and street protests. If Odinga loses this election as well, it is possible that he may challenge the results again or worse still, incite his supporters to take action through violent means.